Monday, 15 February 2021

Know Your Pneumatics: Single or double-acting pneumatic cylinder? Choosing the Right Cylinder

The most popular kind of pneumatic actuator is made up of piston and rod moving inside a closed cylinder, designed to move in a direct line to supply linear motion. This style of the linear actuator can be used in various industrial sectors, factory automation and packaging, and transportation and life science programs.

When seeking to define linear actuators that there are two types of operating principles: single acting and double acting pneumatic cylinder. We will explore these variants, typical applications plus advantages and pitfalls.

Single-acting cylinders

One acting cylinder is one where the thrust or output force is designed in just one direction.

The piston is returned by a fitted spring, or by some other external means like a burden, mechanical motion, gravity, or an external spring. They have a single port to allow compressed air to enter the cylinder to move the piston to the desired place.

Single-acting cylinders, such as Parker's P1P Series, are usually used for applications where work is performed only in one direction, like clamping, positioning, signaling, stroking, and light assembly operations.


Straightforward design,

Compact size,

Reduction in valve and piping Expenses, and

Air consumption is halved in comparison with the equivalent sized double-acting cylinder.


Return spring side of the cylinder is vented to the air -- may allow the ingress of foreign matter, which may lead to malfunctioning and reducing the life of this cylinder.

Spring operation using elongated cylinder life can become inconsistent and provide an uncertain ending of stroke positions.

The bore stroke and size of this cylinder is limited due to limitations of this spring size and force.

A small decrease in thrust as a result of opposing spring force.

Double-acting cylinders

A double-acting pneumatic tube is just at which the push, or output force, is manufactured in both stretching and extending directions. Double-acting cylinders also have a vent at every end and move the piston forward back by switching the port which receives the high-temperature air, necessary when a load has to be moved in both directions such as opening and shutting a gate.

Air pressure is applied alternately to the other ends of the piston. Application of atmosphere pressure generates a thrust in the favorable (push) stroke, and even thrust in the damaging (pull) stroke.

Double-acting cylinders are usually used in most applications in which the thrusts and stroke periods demanded are in excess of those available from single-acting cylinders. Small double-acting cylinders are also used for programs where positive end-of-stroke places are needed for both strokes.

Know Your Pneumatics: Single or double acting pneumatic cylinder? Selecting the ideal Cylinder - P1F double-acting pneumatic cylinder - Parker Hannifin - Pneumatic Division EuropeDouble-acting cylinders, such as Parker's P1F Series, would be the most frequently used of all designs of linear actuators. They account for approximately 95% of cylinders used in electrical control circuits.


    Typically, ISO criteria are based on the plan of all double-acting cylinders.

    A more extensive range of double-acting cylinders than for single-acting cylinders, giving many more choices of stroke and bore dimensions.

    Many variations are offered on the simple double-acting cylinder design.


    Cannot be just held in a mid-position,

    Air is really a compressible medium -- in case a coil is to be Utilised as a feed, it has to be coupled to a hydraulic slave cylinder to give a continuous feed, and

    Long-stroke cylinders require adequate directing of the piston rod.

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